CO Distribution and Kinematics along the Bar in the Strongly Barred Spiral NGC 7479

S. Laine, J. D. P. Kenney, M. S. Yun, S. T. Gottesman
1999 Astrophysical Journal  
We report on the 2.5 arcsec (400 pc) resolution CO (J = 1 -> 0) observations covering the whole length of the bar in the strongly barred late-type spiral galaxy NGC 7479. CO emission is detected only along a dust lane that traverses the whole length of the bar, including the nucleus. The emission is strongest in the nucleus. The distribution of emission is clumpy along the bar outside the nucleus, and consists of gas complexes that are unlikely to be gravitationally bound. The CO kinematics
more » ... in the bar consist of two separate components. A kinematically distinct circumnuclear disk, < 500 pc in diameter, is undergoing predominantly circular motion with a maximum rotational velocity of 245 km/s at a radius of 1 arcsec (160 pc). The CO-emitting gas in the bar outside the circumnuclear disk has substantial noncircular motions which are consistent with a large radial velocity component, directed inwards. The CO emission has a large velocity gradient across the bar dust lane, ranging from 0.5 to 1.9 km/s/pc after correcting for inclination, and the projected velocity change across the dust lane is as high as 200 km/s. This sharp velocity gradient is consistent with a shock front at the location of the bar dust lane. A comparison of H-alpha and CO kinematics across the dust lane shows that although the H-alpha emission is often observed both upstream and downstream from the dust lane, the CO emission is observed only where the velocity gradient is large. We also compare the observations with hydrodynamic models and discuss star formation along the bar.
doi:10.1086/306709 fatcat:lgkvh6ixgnbrzlzgv4sdahanda