ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BODY MASS INDEX AND DENTAL CARIES EXPERIENCE IN A GROUP OF EGYPTIAN OBESE CHILDREN (6-12 YEARS OF AGE ). A CASE CONTROL STUDY

Manal El Sayed, Shereen Abd El Ghaffar
2019 Egyptian dental journal  
Obesity and dental caries are considered as epidemics affecting children's health and wellbeing, they share common etiologic factors as poor dietary habits and wrong life style. Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries experience in a group of obese children as well as to compare them with a group of normal body weight children. Methodology: 180 males and females (6-12 years old) children participated in this study, 90 of
more » ... this study, 90 of them were obese with BMI >30 (study group) and 90 were of normal body weight with BMI 18.5-<25 (control group). Caries prevalence for primary and permanent teeth was recorded and compared for both groups. Also, the correlation coefficient between dental caries experience (def and DMF) and BMI was assessed. Results: Caries prevalence was found to be 88.89% for the control group versus 51.11% for the obese one. def was found to be higher 3.0±2.6 in the control than 1.6±2.1 in the study group at p value ≤ 0.001, while no statistically significant difference was found in the mean DMF in both groups. The results showed that high percentages of children in both groups were breast fed (73.3% and 70.0%) in the control and obese groups respectively. Family history of obesity was found to be 42.2% of the total number of obese children. The results showed a statistically significant negative correlation between def and birth weight after studying both groups together (r = -0.377 and p value ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Caries prevalence recorded a higher level in the control compared to the study group. The mean def was significantly higher in the control than in the study group. No correlation was found between BMI and dental caries in both groups.
doi:10.21608/edj.2015.71250 fatcat:soejj3oue5bj3pnz5tpcqtywim