EFFECT OF AZOINITIATORS OF METHYL METHACRYLATE POLYMERIZATION ON THE FORMATION PROCESS AND MORFOLOGY OF POLYURETHANE /POLYMETHYL METHACRYLATE INTERPENETRATING POLYMER NETWORKS
Ukrainian Chemistry Journal
Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPN) are mixtures of two cross-linked polymers formed as a result of chemical reactions of in situ synthesis of components from single-phase initial mixtures. As a rule, due to the incompatibility of the components, a physical process of phase separation takes place with the formation of heterogeneous systems with insignificant interphase adhesion, which can have a negative effect on the physicochemical properties. To increase the compatibility of the
... ity of the components and to stabilize the systems, compatibilizers are introduced into the reaction mixtures. In this work the kinetics of the in situ formation of the components of polyurethane/poly(methyl methacrylate) interpenetrating polymer networks and the phase separation induced by chemical reactions in the presence of methyl methacrylate polymerization oligoazoinitiators in the reaction mixture were studied. Oligoazoinitiators contained fragments of a polyurethane chain also. It has been shown that the introduction of oligoazoinitiators of various chemical natures can control the process of IPN formation due to the formation of block copolymers during synthesis, which are compatibilizers of the mixture. They slow down the phase separation process and favor the formation of a finer IPN structure.