"Japanese well-balanced diet" and other eating behaviors among Japanese male workers
「主食・主菜・副菜を組み合わせた食事」の摂取行動に関連する食行動

Mariko UEDA, Kumi MOCHIDA, Misa SIMPO, Rie AKAMATSU
Japanese Journal of Health Education and Promotion  
Objective: This study aimed to determine the relation between the "Japanese well-balanced diet," composed of grain, vegetables, and main dish, and other eating behaviors among Japanese male workers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, questionnaire data were collected from ₄₄₇ home-delivery service drivers in Tokyo, Japan, in June ₂₀₁₆. The data comprised information on eating behaviors, including "How often do you have a well-balanced diet per a week?" We also analyzed data from ₃₆₀ male
more » ... ytime workers who answered the item on the frequency of having a well-balanced diet. We split the workers into two groups according to a well-balanced diet frequency and then determined differences in demographics and health conditions using t-test and chi-squared test. We used logistic regression analysis to assess the relationship between eating behaviors and well-balanced diet frequency. Results: Regarding the frequency of eating a well-balanced diet, ₁₅₄ (₄₂.₈%) of the workers answered "more than four days," whereas ₂₀₆ (₅₇.₂%) reported "under three days." The former tended to be married. After adjusting age, marital status, academic background, daily working hours, and eating behavior categories, the following three factors significantly related to higher well-balanced diet frequency: they were "taking a lunch" (
doi:10.11260/kenkokyoiku.26.238 fatcat:mnnmw25bkzcrpoug5gkhdf3szy