Immunoreactive adrenomedullin (AM) concentration in maternal plasma during human pregnancy and AM expression in placenta

K Kobayashi, T Kubota, T Aso, Y Hirata, T Imai, F Marumo
2000 European Journal of Endocrinology  
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a novel vasorelaxant peptide, isolated from human pheochromocytoma. Although AM may be involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system, a number of other mechanisms are also involved. The present study was undertaken to confirm the presence of AM in human maternal circulation and in placental function during pregnancy. Immunoreactive (ir) AM concentrations in maternal plasma were 3.4 Ϯ 0.7 fmol/ml (mean Ϯ S.E.M.) in the first trimester, 3.3 Ϯ 1.1 fmol/ml in the
more » ... 1 fmol/ml in the second trimester, 7.3 Ϯ 2.8 fmol/ml in the third trimester, 4.1 Ϯ 1.9 fmol/ ml in early puerperium and 3.0 Ϯ 0.4 fmol/ml in non-pregnant periods; the concentration in the third trimester was significantly greater than those in other periods. Plasma concentrations of estradiol (E 2 ), progesterone, human placental lactogen (hPL) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were also measured, using RIA kits. Significant correlations have been demonstrated between the concentrations of irAM and those of E 2 , progesterone and hPL. We therefore examined the expression of AM within the placental tissues using immunohistochemistry and northern blot analysis in order to demonstrate a correlation between the presence of AM in the placenta and maternal plasma. Using immunohistochemistry, we detected AM in the amnion at term and the expression of AM mRNA in human placental tissues using cloned human (h) AM complementary DNA as a probe. This study demonstrates the immunoreactivity of human hAM in maternal plasma during pregnancy, and suggests that hAM in maternal plasma is generated partly from placental tissue.
doi:10.1530/eje.0.1420683 pmid:10822233 fatcat:go2vdp77cfcglmtndbyvwjdgha