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Harmonising Rock Engineering and the Environment
It is essential to employ the observational design and construction method to manage tunnel projects efficiently. The original tunnel design is immediately verified or modified based on the in-situ data sequentially obtained in the construction stage. This study proposes an integrated prediction system for geological conditions ahead of tunnel faces, which is composed of long-interval, middle-interval, and short-interval prediction subsystems. The applicability of those subsystems is verifieddoi:10.1201/b11646-343 fatcat:ac5y7ldiurgathj6vtug6nih4q