Minimum Habitable Dwelling and the Transformation of Public Housing Design in Taiwan from 1920 to the 1960s
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
The public housing policy in Taiwan can be traced back to the Japanese Colonial Period . In the 1920s, public housing was planned for Japanese migrants by the Governor-General's Office, while the trend of modernism in the architectural field emerged and spread around the world at the same time. The concept of "minimum habitable dwelling", introduced in the 1929 International Congresses of Modern Architecture (CIAM), initiated a new era on housing construction through concepts of rationalization
... of rationalization and standardization, which also influenced designers of public housing in Taiwan for generations. However, the interpretation and practice of the concept have evolved over different stages. Architectural professionals designed public housing from the 1920s to the 1960s, under the influences of Japanese Colonization, or the United States Aid and Military Assistance and Advisory Group. The concept of minimum habitable dwelling has been practiced and interpreted in different ways, transforming the cognition and experiences of modern houses and modern life for Taiwanese people.