Muscle-specific microRNA-206 targets multiple components in dystrophic skeletal muscle representing beneficial adaptations

Adel Amirouche, Vanessa E. Jahnke, John A. Lunde, Nathalie Koulmann, Damien G. Freyssenet, Bernard J. Jasmin
2017 American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology  
Amirouche A, Jahnke VE, Lunde JA, Koulmann N, Freyssenet DG, Jasmin BJ. Muscle-specific microRNA-206 targets multiple components in dystrophic skeletal muscle representing beneficial adaptations. Over the last several years, converging lines of evidence have indicated that miR-206 plays a pivotal role in promoting muscle differentiation and regeneration, thereby potentially impacting positively on the progression of neuromuscular disorders, including Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Despite
more » ... veral studies showing the regulatory function of miR-206 on target mRNAs in skeletal muscle cells, the effects of overexpression of miR-206 in dystrophic muscles remain to be established. Here, we found that miR-206 overexpression in mdx mouse muscles simultaneously targets multiple mRNAs and proteins implicated in satellite cell differentiation, muscle regeneration, and at the neuromuscular junction. Overexpression of miR-206 also increased the levels of several muscle-specific mRNAs/proteins, while enhancing utrophin A expression at the sarcolemma. Finally, we also observed that the increased expression of miR-206 in dystrophindeficient mouse muscle decreased the production of proinflammatory cytokines and infiltration of macrophages. Taken together, our results show that miR-206 acts as a pleiotropic regulator that targets multiple key mRNAs and proteins expected to provide beneficial adaptations in dystrophic muscle, thus highlighting its therapeutic potential for DMD.
doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00185.2016 pmid:28003225 fatcat:alcivnb6dbgprk7xy7fnmjmpwm