The Gradient Model Load Balancing Method

F.C.H. Lin, R.M. Keller
1987 IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  
A dynamic load balancing method is proposed for a class of large-diameter multiprocessor systems. The method is based on the "gradient model," which entails transferring backlogged tasks to nearby idle processors according to a pressure gradient indirectly established by requests from idle processors. The algorithm is fully distributed and asynchronous. Global balance is achieved by successive refinements of many localized balances. The gradient model is formulated so as to be independent of system topology.
doi:10.1109/tse.1987.232563 fatcat:2likz3p44naejfqzsjuno556ue