Physiological and Genetic Bases of the Circadian Clock in Plants and Their Relationship with Herbicides Efficacy

2016 Planta Daninha  
In order to adapt to daily environmental changes, especially in relation to light availability, many organisms, such as plants, developed a vital mechanism that controls time-dependent biological events: the circadian clock. The circadian clock is responsible for predicting the changes that occur in the period of approximately 24 hours, preparing the plants for the following phases of the cycle. Some of these adaptations can influence the response of weeds to the herbicide application. Thus,
more » ... plication. Thus, the objectives of this review are to describe the physiological and genetic mechanisms of the circadian clock in plants, as well as to demonstrate the relationship of this phenomenon with the effectiveness of herbicides for weed control. Relationships are described between the circadian clock and the time of application of herbicides, leaf angle and herbicide interception, as well as photosynthetic activity in response to the circadian clock and herbicide efficiency. Further, it is discussed the role of phytochrome B (phyB) in the sensitivity of plants to glyphosate herbicide. The greater understanding of the circadian clock in plants is essential to achieve greater efficiency of herbicides and hence greater control of weeds and higher crop yields.
doi:10.1590/s0100-83582016340100020 fatcat:r7t4x7uwkrfhzcn6vb7ezqhqkq