Nature and mental health: An ecosystem service perspective

Gregory N. Bratman, Christopher B. Anderson, Marc G. Berman, Bobby Cochran, Sjerp de Vries, Jon Flanders, Carl Folke, Howard Frumkin, James J. Gross, Terry Hartig, Peter H. Kahn, Ming Kuo (+14 others)
2019 Science Advances  
A growing body of empirical evidence is revealing the value of nature experience for mental health. With rapid urbanization and declines in human contact with nature globally, crucial decisions must be made about how to preserve and enhance opportunities for nature experience. Here, we first provide points of consensus across the natural, social, and health sciences on the impacts of nature experience on cognitive functioning, emotional well-being, and other dimensions of mental health. We then
more » ... show how ecosystem service assessments can be expanded to include mental health, and provide a heuristic, conceptual model for doing so.
doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax0903 pmid:31355340 pmcid:PMC6656547 fatcat:rp5qagrhurantoobnniy4l6t64