Epidemiological Study of Enterobiasis in the Preschool Children during in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran

Hajar Hezarjaribi, Sakine Firouzjaei, Seyedeh Fateme Ebrahimifard, Mahdi Fakhar, Fatemeh Abdollahi, Ogholniaz Jorjani, Najla Hamidianfar, Sakineh Ghasemi, Sara Bayesh, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar, Fatemeh Ghaffarifar
2013 Infect Epidemiol Microbiol. 2017 Autumn   unpublished
Enterobious vermicularis (E. vermicularis) is one the most common parasitic infection among children. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence rate of enterobiasis among preschool children in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 653 preschool children were recruited via the cluster sampling method during April 2013 to Feb 2014. A questionnaire was administrated to parents by an interviewer and determined children's
more » ... characteristics, personal hygiene, and healthy behaviors. The Graham technique was applied for diagnosis. Data were analyzed using logistic regression model and chi-square test. Results: In a total of 653 examined subjects, the prevalence rate of E. vermicularis was 19.4%, among which 40.9% were male, and 59.1% were female. The highest and lowest prevalence rates of E. vermicularis were found in Neka (61.4%) and Tonekabon (1.6%) districts, respectively. A significant association was found between infection and residency, parental occupations, parental education, number of family members, changing underwear, sterilization of linen clothing, taking daily bath, boiling or ironing clothes. Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of E. vermicularis infection in this study proves the stability status of enterobiasis in this area, posing a risk for children there. Systematic control of infection in children is proposed.