The use of dynamic interventional MRI in developmental dysplasia of the hip
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery
C onventional methods of imaging in the investigation of developmental dysplasia of the hip all have disadvantages, either in definition or in exposure to radiation. We describe a new open-configuration MR scanner which is unique in that it allows anaesthesia and access to the patient within the imaging volume for surgical procedures and application of casts. We performed 13 scans in eight anaesthetised infants. Dynamic imaging revealed two dislocated hips which were then visualised during
... ualised during reduction. Hip spicas were applied without removing the patient from the scanner. In one hip, an adductor tenotomy was carried out. In all patients, stressing the hips during dynamic imaging allowed an assessment of stability. This was particularly useful in two hips in which an analysis of stability in different positions facilitated the planning of femoral osteotomies. This method of imaging provides new and important information. It has great potential in the investigation of developmental dysplasia of the hip and, with ultrasound, may allow management without the need for radiography. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 1999;81-B:392-7.