SYNTHESIS OF POLYMERS BASED ON STEARYL METHACRYLATE AND THEIR USE AS ADDITIVES FOR DIESEL FUEL

Ksenia Yu. Simanskaya, Ivan D. Grishin, Dmitry F. Grishin
2018 IZVESTIYA VYSSHIKH UCHEBNYKH ZAVEDENIY KHIMIYA KHIMICHESKAYA TEKHNOLOGIYA  
In this article the features of controlled radical polymerization of stearyl methacrylate in the presence of copper-based compounds in combination with nitrogen-containing ligands such as tris[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amine and tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine were studied. The ethyl 2-bromoisobutyrate was used as the initiator of the polymerization process. The synthesized polymers were characterized by gel permeation chromatography and MALDI-TOF time-of-flight mass spectrometry. It was found that
more » ... It was found that the proposed catalytic systems allow conducting controlled radical polymerization of stearyl methacrylate according to the Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization mechanism at relatively mild temperature conditions. It was revealed that the nature of the organic ligand has a significant effect on the rate of polymerization and the molecular-weight characteristics of the synthesized samples. Using the copper(I) bromide catalytic system in combination with tris[(2-pyridyl)methyl]amine as a ligand at reagents molar ratio of 1:4, the polymerization of stearyl methacrylate proceeded with high reaction rate to deep conversions in a wide range of molecular weights. The observed linear growth of the molecular weight of the polymer with increasing conversion and low polydispersity index of the synthesized polymers being at the level of 1.19-1.29, considered as an evidence of the controlled mode of polymerization. The influence of the molecular weight characteristics of polymers based on stearyl methacrylate on the low-temperature properties of diesel fuel of specification24-2000 produced by OOO «LUKOIL-Nizhegorodnefteorgsintez» was evaluated using a low-temperature analyzer MX-700 (PE-7200I) in accordance with the requirements of Russian (GOST 5066-91 and GOST 20287-91) and the international (ISO-3016) standards for the quality of petroleum products. It was established that the synthesized polymers can be used as additives that reduce the temperature range of solidification of environmentally clean diesel fuels, while the molecular weight of polystearyl methacrylate has a significant effect on the depressor properties of the fuel.Forcitation:Simanskaya K.Yu., Grishin I.D., Grishin D.F. Synthesis of polymers based on stearyl methacrylate and their use as additives for diesel fuel. Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Khim. Khim. Tekhnol. 2018. V. 61. N 7. P. 82-89
doi:10.6060/ivkkt.20186107.5736 fatcat:dxk7d6srxbbjzb7qdtxu6ku6yu