ON THE WAY TO SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF MARINE SPATIAL PLANS IN PRACTICE
НА ПУТИ К УСПЕХУ РЕАЛИЗАЦИИ НА ПРАКТИКЕ МОРСКИХ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕННЫХ ПЛАНОВ

G.D. Titova, St.-Petersburg Scientific Research Center for Ecological Safety
2020 ECOLOGY ECONOMY INFORMATICS GEOINFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND SPACE MONITORING  
The author reveals the essence, goals and objectives of marine spatial planning in the light of the requirements of sustainable development and international obligations of Russia. The modern arsenal of tools used in marine spatial planning includes: integrated management of marine activities using an ecosystem approach, precautionary and adaptive approaches, as well as such forms of management and conservation of marine ecosystem health as the ecological framework and specially protected
more » ... lly protected marine areas. The author draws attention to the importance of using the results of natural capital assessment in marine spatial planning, which is included in the key concepts of the concept of sustainable development. After the UN Conference in Rio de Janeiro-1992, " natural capital" was understood as "a set of natural assets that provide humanity with natural resources (raw materials) and ecosystem services". The use of these economic categories in the practice of planning marine activities allows us to determine the true value of services provided by marine ecosystems, and avoid serious mistakes in choosing alternative solutions. Arming managers and decision-makers with information about the true "price" avoids serious environmental consequences of these decisions. Special attention is paid to the experience of successful implementation of marine spatial plans in practical activities abroad. Analysis of the results of the use of marine spatial plans in developed countries has shown that scientific information plays a key role in the implementation of planning in practice. The spatial planning process leads to a growing understanding between science and management. The success of the implementation of marine spatial plans is facilitated by the legislative consolidation of the procedure for developing plans and their implementation in the practice of marine activities
doi:10.23885/2500-123x-2020-2-5-155-161 fatcat:mbo4zlc7hjfbxhddakveirjoei