Improvement of Rice Agronomic Traits by Editing Type-B Response Regulators

Chuanhong Li, Chenbo Gong, Jiemin Wu, Linfeng Yang, Lei Zhou, Bian Wu, Liang Gao, Fei Ling, Aiqing You, Changyan Li, Yongjun Lin
2022 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Type-B response regulator proteins in rice contain a conserved receiver domain, followed by a GARP DNA binding domain and a longer C-terminus. Some type-B response regulators such as RR21, RR22 and RR23 are involved in the development of rice leaf, root, flower and trichome. In this study, to evaluate the application potential of type-B response regulators in rice genetic improvement, thirteen type-B response regulator genes in rice were respectively knocked out by using CRISPR/Cas9 genome
more » ... ng technology. Two guide RNAs (gRNAs) were simultaneously expressed on a knockout vector to mutate one gene. T0 transformed plants were used to screen the plants with deletion of large DNA fragments through PCR with specific primers. The mutants of CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing were detected by Cas9 specific primer in the T1 generation, and homozygous mutants without Cas9 were screened, whose target regions were confirmed by sequencing. Mutant materials of 12 OsRRs were obtained, except for RR24. Preliminary phenotypic observation revealed variations of various important traits in different mutant materials, including plant height, tiller number, tillering angle, heading date, panicle length and yield. The osrr30 mutant in the T2 generation was then further examined. As a result, the heading date of the osrr30 mutant was delayed by about 18 d, while the yield was increased by about 30%, and the chalkiness was significantly reduced compared with those of the wild-type under field high temperature stress. These results indicated that osrr30 has great application value in rice breeding. Our findings suggest that it is feasible to perform genetic improvement of rice by editing the type-B response regulators.
doi:10.3390/ijms232214165 pmid:36430643 pmcid:PMC9698459 fatcat:3su7crfs4vaqfpzpepz35dxpzu