Stressing a Developmental Approach Toward Persuasion in Interscholastic Forensics

Jim Schnell, Jim Schnell
2013 Speaker & Gavel   unpublished
A variety of models exist for teaching persuasive speaking to beginning speakers. A common shortcoming of models is that they require additional instruction to ensure student understanding. The Developmental Speech Sequence Model (DSSM) is an approach that can be applied effectively with beginning forensics competitors. The 10-point model described in this report is detailed but it also allows the speaker degrees of creative freedom. Forensics coaches can modify use of this model depending on
more » ... odel depending on the experience and skill level of the beginning competitor, allowing for a more customized approach that can benefit the student. Ten points within three sections comprise the DSSM: introduction, body, and conclusion. Justification for this approach is also recognized via the evolution of the information age and corresponding new communication technologies. These new communication technologies expand the forms and formats for expression and message creation. The benefits of this type of developmental approach establish primary points the speaker can use as guideposts. As current and future generations of students advance into forensics competition, they will benefit from these types of developmental themes. Introduction 1. Opening (to orient the audience with the speaker) 2. Objective of Speech (to clarify the speaker's purpose) 3. Overview of Main Ideas (to orient the audience with the speaker's perspective on his/her purpose) Body 1. Statement of Problem (The specific problem the speaker is trying to persuade the audience to overcome. State why the audience should be interested in the topic.) 2. Statement of Solution (The solution to the problem that the speaker is trying to persuade the audience to adopt.) 3. Statement of Rationale (Why the intended solution is the most logical answer to the problem.) 4. Statement of Implementation (How the intended solution can be put into effect. What action the audience needs to take.) Conclusion 1. Review of Main Ideas (to summarize the speaker's perspective on his/her purpose)