Effect of oral health education on the knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding oral health among school children in Bengaluru, India

Padma Bhat, Amit Kumar, Bhumika Kamal Badiyani, Aruna, Sangeeta, Nithin Bhaskar, Patri, Yoshaskam Agnihotri, S Balagopal
unpublished
Introduction Poor oral health in children can affect growth and school attendance; can lead to medical complications of untreated disease, and result in poor social outcomes. Materials and methods A closed ended questionnaire consisting of 10 questions was used to assess the effect of oral health education on the knowledge, attitude and behavior of school children. Oral health education was delivered through tailor made power point presentation after assessing the knowledge, attitude and
more » ... attitude and behavior of students towards oral health at the baseline. After 6 months the knowledge, attitude and behavior of students was assessed with the help of the same questionnaire. Results A total of 503 school children aged 12-16 years participated in the present study. It was found that at the baseline, 79 (15.7%) participants were brushing once daily, 408 (81.1%) of them twice daily, 10 (2%) of them thrice daily and 6 (1.2%) of them occasionally whereas after oral health education, 14 (2.8%) of them were brushing once daily, 488 (97%) of them twice daily and none of them brushing thrice daily and occasionally (p=0.004**). At the baseline 378 (75.1%) participants were rinsing their mouth after every meal and 125 (24.9%) of them were not practicing the same whereas after oral health education 492 (97.8%) were rinsing their mouth after every meal. Conclusions The oral health education program resulted in significantly increased oral health knowledge, attitude and behavior among school children.
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