Blood lipid profile as a diagnostic marker of acute pancreatitis in dogs

Inna Chala, Diana Feshchenko, Oksana Dubova, Oksana Zghozinska, Larisa Solodka, Ihor Sokulskyi
2021 Scientific Horizons  
Acute pancreatitis is a common non-communicable pathology in dogs, the untimely diagnosis and treatment of which is lethal (27-58% of cases). One of the most common medical tests for acute pancreatitis is to determine the concentration of triglycerides and other fractions of blood lipids. The purpose of the study was to investigate changes in lipid fractions and other biochemical parameters in dogs with acute pancreatitis. For the experiment, two groups of dogs of 10 individuals each were
more » ... . The control group included healthy animals, the experimental group – dogs with acute pancreatitis. It was found that in dogs with acute pancreatitis, the concentration of triglycerides increased by 67% compared with healthy individuals. Cholesterol and phospholipid concentrations also increased by 23 and 9%, respectively. Inflammatory processes in the pancreas led to the development of cytolytic processes in its acini, as well as hepatocytes of the liver, as indicated by increased activity of indicator enzymes ALT, AST, LF and bilirubin. In addition, in sick dogs, the protein-synthesising function of the liver was impaired: a reduced proportion of albumin was registered against the background of increased total serum protein. Acute pancreatitis leads to a decrease in insulin synthesis, which is manifested by hyperglycaemia – in sick dogs, glucose levels are probably twice as high as in healthy animals. In pancreatitis, the violation of digestion and absorption of nutrients caused by intensive use of high-energy compounds (in particular, creatine phosphate) and an increase in creatinine (3.8 times). At the same time, the catabolism of proteins increased and the products of their intermediate and final metabolism – ammonia and urea – accumulated (by 60 and 57%, respectively), which is a sign of reduced filtration capacity of the kidneys. In addition, in acute pancreatitis within the physiological norm, the concentration of calcium decreased, and inorganic phosphorus – increased
doi:10.48077/scihor.24(1).2021.14-21 fatcat:minvv36c2zcxbofy7k7xonikca