from Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Editorial Board: Price: 5000 Tomans

Abolqasem Taheri, Mustafa Malakutian, Ali Shirkhani
2016 unpublished
As, on one hand, some believe that partisanship in Islam and Islamic state leads to tension, disunity and clash of ideas and splitting Muslims apart and this is against order of the holy Quran that Muslims should stay united. These people cites the Quranic verse: 3:103 "Cling firmly together by means of God's strong rope and be not divided among yourselves" to prove their evidence; on the other hand, political parties, in the existing communities, are highly important as connecting ring of
more » ... ecting ring of people and sovereignty and a twosided relationship between political parties and democracy is established. In this research, attempt is made to elucidate viewpoint of religion and Islamic learnings about issue of partisanship which is one of the new religious matters considering jurisprudent-religious evidence regardless of western democracy and liberalism theories-based political party. Hence, the question answered in this research is that what status partisanship has in Islam. Also, in response to this question, this hypothesis is raised that partisanship in Islam, while having jurisprudent basis, has been conditionally accepted. Abstract Rule of Velayat-e-Faqih, in the Occultation Age, is followed by the question that, "does the scope of powers of Velayat-e-Faqih equal scope of powers of the Immaculate ('a)?" In other words, is he empowered around or bound to absolute sovereignty and politics? In this respect, there are two ideas posed: some of the Islamic scientists hold that Valiy-e-Faqih has as expanded power as the Immaculate ('a), but some others say he is limited in sovereignty. In this article, considering jurisprudent approach of salient ulema with an emphasis on jurisprudent idea of Imam Khomeini (ra), it has been proven that powers of Valiy-e Faqih are not only unbound to sovereignty, but also they are extended to securing of interests of Muslims as it is exigent; meaning that the ruling Faqih is authorized to decide and involve in running the country's affairs. In fact, he has all authorities of government like an expansively empowered leader. Otherwise, Muslim interests, among the duties of the Islamic ruler, are not secured. Therefore, sovereignty of non-Immaculate does not differ from that of the Immaculate in this connection. Abstract Wave of public turnouts in the Mideast Arab nations, on one hand, paved the ground for overwhelming the ruling governments in Tunesia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen; on the other hand, there emerged a climate of civil war forming in Syria. Expansion of the subject turnouts in the region led Russia towards consideration, more than before, of its economic, political and security preferences; hence, it focused its strategy in front of Syrian crisis based on an approach to maintaining the status quo which provided grounds for confrontation and expanded cooperation with some of the regional actors. This article tries to elucidate causes of expanded presence of Russia in the Mideast, particularly after public turnouts through analytic-descriptive methodology and theory of "invasive realism". Findings indicate that Russian policy is based on preventive extension of turnouts to Euro-Asia region and its further role play in international equations followed by a gap emanating from presence of the US in the region, which reveals reasons for divergence and convergence of Moscow with some of the regional players. Abstract Daesh is one of the most important Salafi groups that could, in short time, dominate over some parts of Iraq and Syria and because of which it is being placed in the center of regional and international developments. ISIL can be known as an extremist player which pursues salvation, liberation and rehabilitation to early ideals of Islam. This group says it has identity phenomenon and has a duty of reviving the Islamic caliphate and emirate as well as reconstructing dignity of Sunnis. Daesh is also one example of modern terrorist groups having a global and cross-national nature and emphasizes a lot terror and violence. It has passed off modern, governmentoriented, materialistic, profitable and boundaries-bound dimensions and has global claims centralizing the identity; it benefits from post-modern and globalization tools and potentials. Hence, the main question of this article is that, "What kind of group is Daesh in terms of mentality? And how has it embarked on use of cyberspace for enhancing its goals?" The hypothesis raised is that Daesh is regarded as a marked example of post-modern cyberspace terrorism while being a pre-modern group in terms of mentality and beliefs and it takes advantages of possibilities of atmosphere of globalization in line with introducing itself and creating a terrorist network to organize what it calls "Islamic caliphate". From this perspective, the present article tries to clearly deal with two points through analytic-descriptive methodology: firstly, to show that Daesh is an actor with pre-modern beliefs and intends to revive the Islamic caliphate. Secondly, to discuss that how this pre-modern actor benefits from post-modern and globalization age practical tools to achieve its aims.