Time lag between prompt optical emission and γ-rays in GRBs

S. M. Tang, S. N. Zhang
2006 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
The prompt optical emission contemporaneous with the $\gamma$-rays from $\gamma$-ray bursts (GRBs) carries important information on the central engine and explosion mechanism. We study the time lag between prompt optical emission and $\gamma$-rays in GRB 990123 and GRB 041219a, which are the only two GRBs had been detected at optical wavelengths during the ascending burst phase. Assuming profiles of prompt optical light curves are the same as the prompt $\gamma$-rays, we simulate optical light
more » ... late optical light curves with different time lags and compare them with the observed optical flux. Then the best fit time lag and its error are determined by chi-squared values. We find that time lags between prompt optical emission and $\gamma$-rays in GRB host galaxy rest-frames are consistent in the two GRBs, which is $5\sim7$ s for GRB 990123 and $1\sim5$ s for GRB 041219a. This result is consistent with a common origin of prompt optical and $\gamma$-ray emissions in the two GRBs. Based on synchrotron cooling model, we also derive the parameters for the two GRBs.
doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065547 fatcat:ald5dkifezaadhums6g5uj2hfm