Using State Space Grids for Modeling Temporal Team Dynamics

Annika L. Meinecke, Clara S. Hemshorn de Sanchez, Nale Lehmann-Willenbrock, Claudia Buengeler
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
We outline the potential of dynamics systems theory for researching team processes and highlight how state space grids, as a methodological application rooted in the dynamic systems perspective, can help build new knowledge about temporal team dynamics. Specifically, state space grids visualize the relationship between two categorical variables that are synchronized in time, allowing the (team) researcher to track and capture the emerging structure of social processes. In addition to being a
more » ... ualization tool, state space grids offer various quantifications of the dynamic properties of the team system. These measures tap into both the content and the structure of the dynamic team system. We highlight the implications of the state space grid technique for team science and discuss research areas that could benefit most from the method. To illustrate the various opportunities of state space grids, we provide an application example based on coded team interaction data. Moreover, we provide a step-by-step tutorial for researchers interested in using the state space grid technique and provide an overview of current software options. We close with a discussion of how researchers and practitioners can use state space grids for team training and team development.
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00863 pmid:31068859 pmcid:PMC6491667 fatcat:nmpl33jwm5hkbhwarqs5ninecm