Localization of Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-related Protein 1 to Caveolae in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes in Response to Insulin Treatment
Journal of Biological Chemistry
The insulin-induced translocation of low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) from intracellular membranes to the cell surface in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was differentiation-dependent and did not occur in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts. Prompted by findings that the plasma membrane of 3T3-L1 adipocytes was rich in caveolae, we determined whether LRP1 became caveolae-associated upon insulin stimulation. The caveolae domain was isolated by the well characterized detergent solubilization and
... density ultracentrifugation methodology. Under basal conditions, only a trace amount of LRP1 was caveolae-associated despite the markedly elevated caveolin-1 and caveolae after adipocytic cell differentiation. Upon insulin treatment, the amount of LRP1 associated with caveolae was increased by 4-fold within 10 min, which was blocked completely by pretreatment with wortmannin prior to insulin. The caveolar localization of LRP1 in adipocytes was specific to insulin; treatment with platelet-derived growth factor-bb isoform did not promote but rather decreased caveolar localization of LRP1 below basal levels. The insulin-induced caveolar localization of LRP1 was also observed in 3T3-L1 fibroblasts where translocation of LRP1 from intracellular membranes to the cell surface was absent, suggesting that association of LRP1 with caveolae was achieved, at least in part, through lateral transmigration along the plane of plasma membranes. Immunocytochemistry studies revealed partial co-localization of LRP1 (either endogenous LRP1 or an epitopetagged minireceptor) with caveolin-1 in cells treated with insulin, which was confirmed by co-immunoprecipitation of LRP1 with caveolin-1 in cells treated with insulin but not platelet-derived growth factor-bb. These results suggest that the localization of LRP1 to caveolae responds selectively to extracellular signals.