Optimization-Based Online Initialization and Calibration of Monocular Visual-Inertial Odometry Considering Spatial-Temporal Constraints
The online system state initialization and simultaneous spatial-temporal calibration are critical for monocular Visual-Inertial Odometry (VIO) since these parameters are either not well provided or even unknown. Although impressive performance has been achieved, most of the existing methods are designed for filter-based VIOs. For the optimization-based VIOs, there is not much online spatial-temporal calibration method in the literature. In this paper, we propose an optimization-based online
... ialization and spatial-temporal calibration method for VIO. The method does not need any prior knowledge about spatial and temporal configurations. It estimates the initial states of metric-scale, velocity, gravity, Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) biases, and calibrates the coordinate transformation and time offsets between the camera and IMU sensors. The work routine of the method is as follows. First, it uses a time offset model and two short-term motion interpolation algorithms to align and interpolate the camera and IMU measurement data. Then, the aligned and interpolated results are sent to an incremental estimator to estimate the initial states and the spatial–temporal parameters. After that, a bundle adjustment is additionally included to improve the accuracy of the estimated results. Experiments using both synthetic and public datasets are performed to examine the performance of the proposed method. The results show that both the initial states and the spatial-temporal parameters can be well estimated. The method outperforms other contemporary methods used for comparison.