Recent changes in world system of shipping under cold conditions and their impact on Moroccan agri-food exports shipping

Hajar El-Mahdad, Abdelkbir Ouidani
2016 IJISET-International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology   unpublished
Since its appearance, the container continues to revolutionize the classic pattern of maritime transport. Despite its limited share of the global market of maritime transport, the transport sector of perishable products under cold conditions has undergone deep changes after the integration of the conditioning mode by reefer container. Quickly, because of the success of this metal box, governments and conventional shipowners of polythermal ships were forced to revise their strategies. The
more » ... s of the flow of fresh agri-food products exports of Morocco, and specifically the port of Agadir that represents the major reefer port terminal of the country, reflects the magnitude of sudden changes in the logistic chain under cold conditions.