Training for attentional control in dual task settings: A comparison of young and old adults

Arthur F. Kramer, John F. Larish, David L. Strayer
1995 Journal of experimental psychology. Applied  
The authors examined whether the learning and performance of dual tasks by young and old adults could be enhanced through training. Adults were trained with either a fixed-priority or variable-priority training strategy on a monitoring task and an alphabet-arithmetic task and then transferred to a scheduling and a paired-associates running memory task. Participants in the variablepriority condition learned the monitoring and alphabet-arithmetic tasks more quickly and achieved a higher level of
more » ... a higher level of mastery on these tasks than did those in the fixed-priority condition. Moreover, participants trained with the variablepriority technique showed evidence of the development of automatic processing and a more rapid rate of learning and higher level of mastery of the transfer tasks than did the fixed-priority participants. These results are discussed in terms of the mechanisms that underlie learning and performance of dual tasks and with respect to potential applications.
doi:10.1037//1076-898x.1.1.50 fatcat:4hfa4hx43rhsvn4prbtiqxatpu