Frequency shifts and depth dependence of premotor beta band activity during perceptual decision-making [article]

Chandramouli Chandrasekaran, Iliana Erteza Bray, Krishna V Shenoy
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Neural activity in the premotor and motor cortex shows prominent structure in the beta frequency range (13-30 Hz). Currently, the behavioral relevance of beta band activity (BBA) in premotor and motor regions is not well understood. The underlying source of motor BBA and how it changes as a function of cortical depth is also unknown. Here, we addressed these unresolved questions by investigating BBA recorded using laminar electrodes in the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) of two male rhesus
more » ... performing a visual reaction time (RT) reach discrimination task. We observed robust BBA before and after the onset of the visual stimulus but not during the arm movement. While post-stimulus BBA was positively correlated with RT throughout the beta frequency range, pre-stimulus correlation varied by frequency. Low beta frequencies (~15 to 20 Hz) were positively correlated with RT and high beta frequencies (~25 to 30 Hz) were negatively correlated with RT. Simulations suggested that these frequency-dependent correlations could be due to a shift in the component frequencies of the pre-stimulus BBA as a function of RT, such that faster RTs are accompanied by greater power in high beta frequencies. We also observed a laminar dependence of BBA, with deeper electrodes demonstrating stronger power in low beta frequencies both pre- and post-stimulus. The heterogeneous nature of BBA and the changing relationship between BBA and RT in different task epochs may be a sign of the differential network dynamics involved in expectation, decision-making, and motor preparation.
doi:10.1101/306753 fatcat:yx6t6bmgrzb4ld4ugfo6fcfebq