Recovery from radiation anxiety and posttraumatic growth among community dwellers after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima

Hajime Iwasa, Nobuaki Moriyama, Yujiro Kuroda, Chihiro Nakayama, Masatsugu Orui, Teruko Horiuchi, Takeo Nakayama, Minoru Sugita, Seiji Yasumura, Luca Cerniglia
2019 Cogent Psychology  
Objective: This study examined (1) the current status of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and (2) the relationship between recovery from radiation anxiety and PTG among community dwellers five years after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima. Design: This was a cross-sectional study with 796 residents of Fukushima Prefecture (367 men and 429 women). A questionnaire survey assessed PTG with one question ("Have you gained anything through the disaster experience?" [yes/no]), and current and past radiation
more » ... and past radiation anxiety on a 5-point Likert-type scale. These two anxiety measures were combined to generate a new item "recovery from radiation anxiety" with three values ("no anxiety," "recovered," and "unrecovered"). Results: Approximately half of participants experienced PTG (55.4%). Women were more likely to experience PTG than men. Multiple logistic regression showed that individuals who "recovered" from radiation anxiety were more likely to experience PTG (odds ratio (OR) = 1.99, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.34-2.85), and that higher level of education (OR = 2.12, 95% CI: 1.28-3.49 for secondary education; OR = 3.95,
doi:10.1080/23311908.2019.1602970 fatcat:lg2a3etjjfd45iy5d4fbk2thku