ENT morbidity at high altitude

B K Prasad
2010 Journal of Laryngology and Otology  
People suffer unique health problems in high altitude areas, due to such factors as elevation, aircraft ascent and descent, extreme cold, hypoxia, hypobaria, and low relative humidity. This study was conducted to evaluate ENT morbidity at high altitude. Methods: Serving soldiers introduced to a high altitude environment who presented with various ENT symptoms were examined to identify ENT disease. In addition, patients undergoing hyperbaric chamber therapy, tracheostomy and treatment of cold
more » ... reatment of cold injuries were also examined for ENT problems. Results: The following were detected: 13 cases of otic barotrauma, 11 cases of sinus barotrauma, three cases of vertigo, six cases of pinna frostbite, three cases of barotrauma caused by hyperbaric chamber therapy, an unusually high incidence of epistaxis, and innumerable patients with high altitude pharyngitis. Conclusion: Diseases of the ear, nose and throat contribute significantly to high altitude morbidity. In a military context, health education of troops is necessary to avoid such problems.
doi:10.1017/s0022215110002331 pmid:21080984 fatcat:kpqft4fl6nhrja6rh4xy2vv6ki