Modern Hand-Grenades

H. Bannerman-Phillips
1914 Scientific American  
The Aasen Hand, Rifle and Mine Grenade T HE use of the "grenade" in modern warfare is a re vival of an ancient practice, and the term was fi rst used by DuBilley in reference to the siege of ArIes in 1536. Until the end of the seventeenth century soldiers of the line were trained to throw grenades by hand, hence the name "grenadier. " The grenades were hollow balls of iron or other metal, or annealed glass, about 2lh inches in diameter, filled with gun-powder and fi red by a fuse which was
more » ... fuse which was lighted before throwing them. Sodiers of long service and acknowledged bravery were selected for grenadiers, of whom there were compara tively few in each regiment of infantry at fi rst, though later there were grenadier companies, and still later the "grenadier company" of each battalion took prior ity on parade in both the English and French armies, though they no longer carried the little spherical pro jectiles which fi rst gave them their name, and were mainly distinguishable by the height of the men, and their special uniform or head-dress. Hand grenades were used to a large extent during the Russo-Japanese war, more particularly by both sides when fi ghting at Close quarters during the as saults on the various forts at Port Arthur. The Jap anese made them in the form of a small tin cylinder, about 8 inches long and 3 inches . in diameter, filled
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican02211914-158 fatcat:ajpvkao2inbmzjfitv6cbfz4du