Prognostic value of ST2 for MACEs and all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease during a long-term follow up [post]

Man Li, Lei Duan, Yulun Cai, Benchuan Hao, Jianqiao Chen, Huiying Li, Hongbin Liu
2020 unpublished
Background: Suppression of tumorigenesis-2 is implicated in the myocardial overload and it was long been recognized as an inflammation marker related to heart failure and acute coronary syndromes, but the data on prognostic value of suppression of tumorigenesis-2 on patients with coronary artery disease remains limited. The study ought to investigate the prognostic value of suppression of tumorigenesis-2 in patients with established coronary artery disease.Methods: In this prospective cohort
more » ... ospective cohort study, a total of 3641 consecutive patients were included. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates indicated that the patients with higher levels of ST2 (ST2> 19 ng/ml) had a significantly increased risk of MACEs (log-rank p<0.001) and all-cause death (log-rank p<0.001). The secondary end point was all-cause death. The association between suppression of tumorigenesis-2 and outcomes was investigated using multivariable COX regression.Results: During a median follow up of 6.4 years, there were 775 patients had the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events and 275 patients died. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates indicated that the patients with higher levels of ST2 (ST2> 19 ng/ml) had a significantly increased risk of MACEs (log-rank p<0.001) and all-cause death (log-rank p<0.001). Multiple COX regression models showed that higher level of suppression of tumorigenesis-2 was an independent predictor in developing major adverse cardiovascular events (HR=1.36, 95% CI 1.17-1.56, p<0.001) and all-cause death (HR=2.01, 95%CI 1.56-2.59, p<0.001). The addition of suppression of tumorigenesis-2 to established risk factors significantly improved risk prediction of the composite outcome of major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause death (c-statistic, net reclassification index, and integrated discrimination improvement, all p<0.05).Conclusions: Higher level of suppression of tumorigenesis-2 is significantly associated with long-term all-cause death and major adverse cardiovascular events. Suppression of tumorigenesis-2 may provide incremental prognostic value beyond traditional risk factors.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-63605/v1 fatcat:gs72kxrnbfgxlgn6tbnnvbs3za