Three-color single-molecule imaging reveals conformational dynamics of dynein undergoing motility [article]

Stefan Niekamp, Nico Stuurman, Nan Zhang, Ronald D Vale
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
The motor protein dynein undergoes coordinated conformational changes of its domains during motility along microtubules. Previous single-molecule studies analyzed the motion of the AAA rings of the dynein homodimer, but not the distal microtubule binding domains (MTBD) that step along the track. Here, we simultaneously tracked two MTBDs and one AAA ring of a single dynein, as it undergoes hundreds of steps with nanometer precision using three-color imaging. We show that the AAA ring and the
more » ... AA ring and the MTBDs do not always step simultaneously and can take different sized steps. This variability in the movement between AAA ring and MTBD results in an unexpectedly large number of conformational states of dynein during motility. Extracting data on conformational transition biases, we could accurately model dynein stepping in silico. Our results reveal that the flexibility between major dynein domains is critical for dynein motility.
doi:10.1101/2020.12.20.423706 fatcat:42tze7echrb5tiq4nxjpazw2za