The Transnational Consequences of Antiblack Racism and Settler Colonialism on Black Women: From Turtle Island to the Jawara Tribe [article]

Pia Sen, Austin, The University Of Texas At, Austin, The University Of Texas At
The Jawara people of the Andaman Islands live under jurisdiction of the Indian government and are recognized as a legal and social 'Adivasi' group subject to an ongoing process of colonization that materializes in the form governmental neglect and isolation as well as sexual and monetary exploitation. 'Adivasi' is a category that refers to the tribes of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia and is both a legal and social category. While Adivasi also refers to nonblack indigenous peoples under
more » ... risdiction of the Indian government, the Jawara people are phenotypically black and are thought to have left Africa and directly migrated to the Andaman Islands via boats, thus being genetically and culturally distinct from South and East Asians. The Jawara people have history as a hunter and forager fisherman society and have a reputation as warriors and defenders. The Great Andamanese tribes have been depopulated by overuse of alcohol and opium, as well as the process of settlement. The women of the Jawara are subject to rampant sexual violence, and the exposition of the Jawara to outside society has resulted in economic and physical exploitation of Jawara people. 1 When discussing the struggles of the Jawara people, there are significant similarities demonstrated by the black and native women of Turtle Island. Antiblackness and settler colonialism are global phenomena that influence the lives of black women. While public discourse within Western academia often centers on these modalities of violence within the United States, there are unmistakable parallels between the experiences of the Jawara women of the Andaman Islands and the experiences of black and native women in the continental Americas. These technologies of violence materialize in the forms of geographic and spatial isolation of black native women as well as tropes applied to black women (such as the hyper 1 Yoruba, C. (2017, August 31). "We don't need your world": The Jarawa people's fight for selfdetermination. Retrieved from
doi:10.26153/tsw/7626 fatcat:yagbnqdeb5dpbbdnevysbdyzw4