Posterior Simulation in the Generalized Linear Mixed Model With Semiparametric Random Effects

Subharup Guha
2008 Journal of Computational And Graphical Statistics  
Generalized linear mixed models with semiparametric random effects are useful in a wide variety of Bayesian applications. When the random effects arise from a mixture of Dirichlet process (MDP) model with normal base measure, Gibbs sampling algorithms based on the Pólya urn scheme are often used to simulate posterior draws in conjugate models (essentially, linear regression models and models for binary outcomes). In the non-conjugate case, the algorithms proposed by MacEachern and Müller (1998)
more » ... and Neal (2000) are often applied to generate posterior samples. Some common problems associated with simulation algorithms for non-conjugate models include convergence and mixing difficulties. This paper proposes an algorithm for MDP models with exponential family likelihoods and normal base measures. The algorithm proceeds by making a Laplace approximation to the likelihood function, thereby matching the proposal with that of the Gibbs sampler. The proposal is accepted or rejected via a Metropolis-Hastings step. For conjugate MDP models, the algorithm is identical to the Gibbs sampler. The performance of the technique is investigated using a Poisson regression model with semiparametric random effects. The algorithm performs efficiently and reliably, even in problems where large sample results do not guarantee the success of the Laplace approximation. 1 This is demonstrated by a simulation study where most of the count data consist of small numbers. The technique is associated with substantial benefits relative to existing methods, both in terms of convergence properties and computational cost.
doi:10.1198/106186008x319854 fatcat:vzm44sw7bngjxovukb3ea74l3y