Risk factors of mental disorders among empty and non-empty nesters in Shanxi, China: a cross-sectional study

Chichen Zhang, Lihong Hou, Xiao Zheng, Ruifang Zhu, Huining Zhao, Jiao Lu, Jingmin Cheng, Xiaozhao Yousef Yang, Tingzhong Yang
2019 Health and Quality of Life Outcomes  
China has the world's largest size of elderly population. Mental disorders of the elders deserve keen attention. This study aims to comparatively explore mental disorders and risk factors among empty and non-empty nesters. Methods: Using the stratified random cluster sampling method, we recruited 8526 elders aged 60 years and above from 11 cities in Shanxi Province in central China, comprising 4901 empty and 3625 non-empty nesters. The mental disorders were assessed with the 12-item Chinese
more » ... th Questionnaire (CHQ-12). The binary logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors in the two groups. Results: The prevalence of mental disorders in empty nesters was significantly higher than that in non-empty ones (26.9% vs 23.5%). Binary logistic regression showed that the empty nesters who lived alone or lived in an institution were more likely to suffer from mental disorders compared with the non-empty ones, empty nesters living with spouse showed no significant deviation. And single status, hardly or part self-care ability, having chronic diseases, having lower income, and paying less attention to daily healthy diet had positive associations with mental disorders for empty nesters, and no or partial self-care ability and having chronic diseases for non-empty nesters. Conclusions: The study indicated that empty nesters had a higher prevalence of mental disorders than non-empty ones. Empty nesters living alone, with no or partial self-care ability, chronic disease, lower income and less attention to daily healthy diet were more vulnerable to mental disorders. And the lack of self-care ability and having chronic diseases were risk factors of mental disorders for non-empty nesters.
doi:10.1186/s12955-019-1088-y fatcat:ljgvoqoxbzeobh6lvfmw3y2mqy