Estimating Keynesian models of business fluctuations using Bayesian Maximum Likelihood

Christian Schoder
2017 Review of Keynesian Economics  
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more » ... von diesen Nutzungsbedingungen die in der dort genannten Lizenz gewährten Nutzungsrechte. Abstract An empirical approach to model estimation and evaluation based on Bayesian Maximum Likelihood is introduced to the post-Keynesian literature. To illustrate the method, it is applied to a neo-Kaleckian type of model of Euro Area business cycle fluctuations including endogenous fiscal and monetary policy as well as endogenous wage formation. To evaluate its empirical performance, the marginal likelihood and impulseresponses conditional on the proposed model are contrasted to those conditional on the corresponding Bayesian vector auto-regression models after relaxing the theory-implied cross-coefficient restrictions. The estimated parameter distributions are broadly in line with the empirical literature. Yet, a Bayesian vector auto-regression with loose theoryimplied restrictions on the prior outperforms the neo-Kaleckian model considerably indicating misspecification. Further, a baseline Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model is superior in terms of the marginal likelihood. Comparative impulse-response analysis indicates a failure of the neo-Kaleckian model to satisfyingly capture the fiscal and monetary policy transmission mechanisms. Abstract An empirical approach to model estimation and evaluation based on Bayesian Maximum Likelihood is introduced to the post-Keynesian literature. To illustrate the method, it is applied to a neo-Kaleckian type of model of Euro Area business cycle fluctuations including endogenous fiscal and monetary policy as well as endogenous wage formation. To evaluate its empirical performance, the marginal likelihood and impulse-responses conditional on the proposed model are contrasted to those conditional on the corresponding Bayesian vector auto-regression models after relaxing the theory-implied cross-coefficient restrictions. The estimated parameter distributions are broadly in line with the empirical literature. Yet, a Bayesian vector auto-regression with loose theory-implied restrictions on the prior outperforms the neo-Kaleckian model considerably indicating misspecification. Further, a baseline Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model is superior in terms of the marginal likelihood. Comparative impulse-response analysis indicates a failure of the neo-Kaleckian model to satisfyingly capture the fiscal and monetary policy transmission mechanisms.
doi:10.4337/roke.2017.04.08 fatcat:7um5wetwfbhmvbl3f2kjvzpnb4