A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2016; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
The French history of nuclear development clearly shows the inseparability of its civilian use from military use. In France, Commissariat àa l' ÁEnergie Atomique (CEA) and ÁElectricit áe de France (EDF) have played an important role in research and development of nuclear technology since the postwar period. At rst, the two organizations had kept great autonomy, but the government reinforced its control on them because France needed nuclear deterrence against the Soviet Union. France began usingdoi:10.3327/taesj.j12.027 fatcat:pdxzc7fptjcmvjicvenf676upe