Modellierung der Interaktion von Gebäudenutzer*innen und Gebäudetechnik [thesis]

Katharina Boudier
2021
Local thermal comfort plays a growing role in terms of occupant satisfaction and in the energy performance of a building. To improve thermal comfort of occupants, decentralized heating and cooling systems are getting more interest in the research community but also in the market. Some studies have also shown that they can reduce the heating and cooling demand of buildings. These systems can be for example, an office chair with heating and cooling function, a thermoelectric heating and cooling
more » ... ll or even a table fan. Building simulation software is used to optimize the energy performance of buildings during the planning process, but just a few programs enable detailed comfort calculations. Programs which allow the usage of decentralized heating and cooling systems are totally missing. This dissertation presents a newly developed adaptive building controller for combined, central and decentralized systems inside the building simulation software ESP‐r. The building controller adapts the setpoint‐temperatures of the central heating and cooling system and regulates the usage of decentralized systems, based on the thermal sensation and comfort values of a virtual thermal manikin in the considered building zone. This work shall contribute to the application of detailed comfort values within building simulation, which is also necessary to consider decentralized heating and cooling systems like the thermoelectric movable partition or the office chair with heating and cooling function. The first step by the development of the adaptive controller, was the coupling of PhySCo, a "Physiology, Sensation and Comfort" model with the building simulation software Esp-r. The physiology model within PhySCo uses the values of room temperature, mean radiant temperature, air velocity, relative humidity, solar radiation as well as personal parameters such as clothing and activity level. The model calculates skin and core temperatures for 16 individual body parts under consideration of thermophysiological control mechanisms such as swea [...]
doi:10.26204/kluedo/6390 fatcat:wlk7mpyzznb37lcivzq7iiwrbq