Pap Test as the First Step in Screening Genetic Stability in Cell-Based Therapy
Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
The possibility of cell modifications compromises the safety of stem cell therapy under standardized conditions. The aim of this study was to analyze adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AT-MSCs) using the Pap test as a first screening step to evaluate genetic stability. Methods: Human adipose tissue from six healthy female donors was obtained from elective liposuction procedures. The cells were isolated, cultivated at P2/P3, characterized by flow cytometric analysis, and
... s, and differentiation induced. The AT-MSCs were stained by Papanicolaou (Pap) staining and analyzed according to the Bethesda classification, and viability-apoptosis relationships were evaluated. Results: The Pap test for Sample I indicated high-grade alterations consistent with genetic instability; for Samples II-V, atypical cells of undetermined significance; and for Sample VI, normal cells. Conclusions: These results demonstrate the potential of using the Pap test as an initial screening step to evaluate the genetic stability of cultured AT-MSCs as well for other adherent stem cells.