Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in children: state of the art

Sara Reis Teixeira, Jorge Elias Junior, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa, Marcos Duarte Guimarães, Edson Marchiori, Marcel Koenigkam Santos
2015 Radiologia Brasileira  
Whole-body imaging in children was classically performed with radiography, positron-emission tomography, either combined or not with computed tomography, the latter with the disadvantage of exposure to ionizing radiation. Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in association with the recently developed metabolic and functional techniques such as diffusion-weighted imaging, has brought the advantage of a comprehensive evaluation of pediatric patients without the risks inherent to ionizing
more » ... adiation usually present in other conventional imaging methods. It is a rapid and sensitive method, particularly in pediatrics, for detecting and monitoring multifocal lesions in the body as a whole. In pediatrics, it is utilized for both oncologic and non-oncologic indications such as screening and diagnosis of tumors in patients with genetic syndromes, evaluation of disease extent and staging, evaluation of therapeutic response and post-therapy follow-up, evaluation of non neoplastic diseases such as multifocal osteomyelitis, vascular malformations and syndromes affecting multiple regions of the body. The present review was aimed at describing the major indications of whole-body MRI in pediatrics added of technical considerations.
doi:10.1590/0100-3984.2014.0005 pmid:25987752 pmcid:PMC4433302 fatcat:n2uw4algazexddwjnk5ifzi67a