Histone lysine methylation and chromatin replication

Carlos Rivera, Zachary A. Gurard-Levin, Geneviève Almouzni, Alejandra Loyola
2014 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Gene Regulatory Mechanisms  
In eukaryotic organisms, the replication of the DNA sequence and its organization into chromatin are critical to maintain genome integrity. Chromatin components, such as histone variants and histone post-translational modifications, along with the higher-order chromatin structure, impact several DNA metabolic processes, including replication, transcription, and repair. In this review we focus on lysine methylation and the relationships between this histone mark and chromatin replication. We
more » ... t describe studies implicating lysine methylation in regulating early steps in the replication process. We then discuss chromatin reassembly following replication fork passage, where the incorporation of a combination of newly synthesized histones and parental histones can impact the inheritance of lysine methylation marks on the daughter strands. Finally, we elaborate on how the inheritance of lysine methylation can impact maintenance of the chromatin landscape, using heterochromatin as a model chromatin domain, and we discuss the potential mechanisms involved in this process. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Methylation: A Multifaceted Modificationlooking at transcription and beyond.
doi:10.1016/j.bbagrm.2014.03.009 pmid:24686120 fatcat:uoep5upsrnbznpfyuglmog6vum