Development of an Assessment Tool on Spirituality Explained by Three Domains, Will, Joy and Sense : From a Holistic Educational Approach

Manami OZAKI
Journal of International Society of Life Information Science  
Despite the increasing interest in examining spirituality in psychological and educational health-related studies, there is a paucity of instruments ihat measure this censtruct, The objectives for this study were (1) to dey61op a valid and reliable assessment tool of sph'ituality that would be usefitl in psyehological and 'educational settings, and (2) to investigate a conceptual niodel of an individual's rnature spirituality, A multi-site, cross-sectional survey was conductecl using uniyersity
more » ... students in a large metropolitan area (N == 1396). The instrument reliability (Cronbach's u, test-retest) and coneeptual validity by exploratory factor analysis, and concurrent validity with the scale of SOC (Sense of Coherence) were determjned. The exploratoiy factor analys{s identified three factors: WiEl, Joy and Sensitivity of Spirituality, A measurement tool for Spirituality was developed based on the exploratory factor analysis, called the SBAS (Spiritual Behaviog Attitude, Sensitivity) -[fest and it was found to have suthcient reliability, and to show high correlations with SOC, (r == O.47, P <O,OO1) among subscales; and between Will, Joy and SOC, (r =O.49, P <O,OO1 r == O.57, P <O,eO1). It was concluded the SBAS -'fest is a valid and reliable assessment tool that can be used in psychologicat and educational settings. In addition, Will ancl Joy were identified as in the health related domain of Spirituality; however Sensitivity itself (transcendental aspect) is not on the health sicle ofSpivituality.
doi:10.18936/islis.23.2_364 fatcat:ra4nuzy3hzf3zovsume7m2uyyy