Linearized stability analysis of thin-shell wormholes with a cosmological constant

Francisco S N Lobo, Paulo Crawford
2003 Classical and quantum gravity  
Spherically symmetric thin-shell wormholes in the presence of a cosmological constant are constructed applying the cut-and-paste technique implemented by Visser. Using the Darmois-Israel formalism the surface stresses, which are concentrated at the wormhole throat, are determined. This construction allows one to apply a dynamical analysis to the throat, considering linearized radial perturbations around static solutions. For a large positive cosmological constant, i.e., for the Schwarzschild-de
more » ... he Schwarzschild-de Sitter solution, the region of stability is significantly increased, relatively to the null cosmological constant case, analyzed by Poisson and Visser. With a negative cosmological constant, i.e., the Schwarzschild-anti de Sitter solution, the region of stability is decreased. In particular, considering static solutions with a generic cosmological constant, the weak and dominant energy conditions are violated, while for a_0 ≤ 3M the null and strong energy conditions are satisfied. The surface pressure of the static solution is strictly positive for the Schwarzschild and Schwarzschild-anti de Sitter spacetimes, but takes negative values, assuming a surface tension in the Schwarzschild-de Sitter solution, for high values of the cosmological constant and the wormhole throat radius.
doi:10.1088/0264-9381/21/2/004 fatcat:mwriyr6pn5ftpo4c7dcs3dnz5e