### Continuity Equation Versus Free Particle Flow/Flux Quantum Equations Part II [article]

Francesco R. Ruggeri
2022 Zenodo
In the literature (e.g. (1)) the Schrodinger equation is sometimes derived using classical fluid equations which follow from Boltzmann's transport equations. In particular a continuity equation and a conservation of momentum equation involving the potential dV(x)/dx are used. We have argued in Part I that the continuity equation leads to 0+0=0 for a free particle wavefunction exp(-iEt+ipx) because density is 1. Furthermore a bound quantum state also leads to 0+0=0 partly because d/dt partial
more » ... sity(x) =0. Following the analysis of (1) for which a new field S(x,t) is introduced through u(x,t) =velocity field = d/dx partial S(x,t) one may see that the solution S(x,t)= f(t) for any function f yields u(x,t)=0 for a bound state. In fact, for a bound state, the continuity equation contributes nothing to the derivation of the Schrodinger equation except for the result density(x) (no t present) which is known already. The Schrodinger equation for the bound state follows completely from the fluid transport equation containing dV/dx. For this to occur, however, one must use S(x,t)=-Et. It seems, however, that for a bound state with u(x,t) the natural approach is to have S(x,t) =0 Setting S(x,t)= -Et is equivalent to having exp(-iEt) appear in the wavefunction and we argue in this note that this is an independent assumption which does not follow from fluid mechanics. In particular, we link -Et for the bound state to A(x,t)=classical action = -Et+px. For a bound state there is an average energy value, but overall p average is 0. For the free particle quantum system we argued that two flow flux equations d/dx partial A = p ((1a)) and d/dt partial A = -E ((1b)) govern the system. These may be written separately as eigenvalue equations yielding: id/dt partial exp(iA) = E exp(iA) ((2a)) and -id/dx partial exp(iA) = p exp(iA) ((2b)). We show that exp(-iEt) for the bound state is a built-in assumption needed to make the fluid mechanical equation approach to the Schr [...]