Generation of sub-40 fs pulses at 1.8 μ m by chirp-assisted Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core fibre
The possibility of performing time-resolved spectroscopic studies in the molecular fingerprinting region or extending the cut-off wavelength of high-harmonic generation has recently boosted the development of efficient mid-infrared ultrafast lasers. In particular, fibre lasers based on active media such as thulium or holmium are a very active area of research since they are robust, compact and can operate at high repetition rates. These systems, however, are still complex, are unable to deliver
... pulses shorter than 100 fs and are not yet as mature as their near-infrared counterparts. Here we report generation of sub-40 fs pulses at 1.8 microns, with quantum efficiencies of 50% and without need for post-compression, in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibre pumped by a commercial 300-fs fibre laser at 1030 nm. This is achieved by pressure-tuning the dispersion and avoiding Raman gain suppression by adjusting the chirp of the pump pulses and the proportion of higher order modes launched into the fibre. The system is optimized using a physical model that incorporates the main linear and nonlinear contributions to the optical response. The approach is average power-scalable, permits adjustment of the pulse shape and can potentially allow access to much longer wavelengths.