THE AVERAGE HEIGHT AND WEIGHT OF ENGLISH SCHOOL CHILDREN
BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)
THB accompanying tables show the average height and weight of a number of English school children inspected during 1909 and 1910, and were compiled from figures kindly supplied to us by school medical officers in response to a circular letter which we sent out early in the year. We asked for the number of children examined of each sex and age, with the sum of their heights in centimetres and of their weights in kilograms. The form for reply was composed of slips which. enabled us to make our
... culations direct from the figures sent to us. We received a large number of replies, and were very sorry not to be able to avail ourselves of many of the figures sent, as a number of school medical officers forwarded their own averager, and the returns of others were not comparable with the majority of the figures received on account of variations either in the amount of clotbing worn by the children when measured or in the method adopted for classifying the measurements afterwards. We decided to confine our calculations to those returns in which the total heights and weights were given of children measured and weighed in ordinary indoor clothing and without boots, and as only one such return was received from Wales it was omitted in order that the present calculation should refer only to English children. The actual figures from which our averages are derived represent measurements of 583,640 children, and were received from seventeen county and forty-four-urban education areas scattered throughout England, and we believe that, taken together, they are fairly representative of the country as a whole. Totals for 1909 only were received from seven districts, for 1910 only from fourteen, and for both years from forty. We combined the figures for the two years, and worked out separate averages for the county and urban areas as well as for the North and South of England, the line of demarcation adopted being one following the southern borders of Salop, Staffordshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, and Lincolnshire. The averages representing the North of England are derived from the figures of nine county and twenty-.six urban areas; those for the South of Englandfrom the figures of eight county and eighteen urbanareas. We were constrained in a few instances to exclude figures that were obviously iacorrect, and our results give the average height and weight for each age and sex of those children whose measurements were included in the totals we made use of. As we do not know whether or not the children were evenly distributed through each year of age, we cannot claim that these averages represent the true mean heights and weights of English school children, though we think that the curves on the accompanyiDg chart demonstrate that fairly approximate averages have been obtained. AVERAGE HEIGHT AND WEIGHT OF ENGLISH SCHOOL CHaILDREN. Boys. Age England. County Education Areas. Urban Education Areas. North of England.