Factors Associated with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Babylon , Iraq During The Year 2014
Medical Journal of Babylon
Gestational diabetes has serious consequences on mothers and their children. Gestational diabetes is an increasing public health problem in developing countries including Iraq , the etiology of this health problem is not well understood. The objective of this study is to identify some factors associated with gestational diabetes in Babylon province This was a case control study included 85 diagnosed diabetic pregnant women who were selected randomly from patients attending three hospitals in
... ylon in addition to three primary health care centers as cases while 85 healthy women selected randomly from women attending maternal child health units as a control group proved to be non-diabetics, the period of study extended from July, 2014 through January, 2015. Data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire to assess some risk factors associated with gestational diabetes. Our study showed that the main factors that associated significantly with gestational diabetes (p<0.05) were maternal age after 30 years, smoking ,living in urban regions increase weight of baby during delivery (Odds Ratio =3.322), delivery by cesarean section Odds ratio= 2.115). There was also a significant association between family history of diabetes and having gestational diabetes (Odds Ratio =1.64)but here were no significant association between gestational diabetes and the fallowing variable (p>0.05) ;abortions and family history of obesity. In conclusion the study showed significant associations between gestational diabetes and progressive age of pregnant woman and smoking .Delivery by cesarean section and the delivery of high weight baby were significantly correlated with gestational diabetes.