Characterization of occupational, demographic and health determinants in Canadian reservists veterans and the relationship with poor self-rated health

Julian Reyes, Jill Sweet, MaryBeth MacLean, Alain Poirier, Linda VanTil
2020 Health and Quality of Life Outcomes  
Self-rated health is an useful indicator of the general health in specific populations and used to propose interventions after service in the military context. However, there is scarce literature about self- rated health (SRH) in the Canadian Veterans of the Reserve Force and its relationship with demographic, health and occupational characteristics of this specific group. The aims of this research were to determine the SRH in Canadian Reserve Force Veterans and to explore the relationship
more » ... e relationship between demographic, military service and health factors by reserve class. Data from the individuals was collected from the Life After Service (LASS) 2013 survey, including Veterans with Reserve Class C (n = 922) and Class A/B (n = 476). Bivariate and multivariate analysis using logistic regression models, were used to assess the association between the demographic characteristics, physical health, mental health, and military service characteristics and the self-rate health by both reserve classes. The overall prevalence of poor SRH in Reserve Class C Veterans was 13.1% (CI:11.08-15.4) and for Reserve Class A/B was 6.9% (CI:5.0-9.1). Different degrees of associations were observed during the bivariate analysis and two different models were produced for each reserve class. Veterans of Reserve Class C showed that being single was (OR = 2.76, CI: 1.47-5.16), being 50-59 years old (OR = 4.6, CI: 1.28-17.11), reporting arthritis (OR = 2.49, CI: 1.33-4.67), back problems (OR = 3.02, CI:1.76-5.16), being obese (OR = 1.96, CI: 1.13-3.38), depression (OR = 2.34, CI: 1.28-4.20), anxiety (OR = 4.11, CI: 2.00-8.42), PTSD (OR = 2.1 CI: 0.98-4.47), PTSD (OR = 20.9, CI:0.98-4.47) and being medically released (OR = 4.48, CI: 2.43-8.24) were all associated with higher odds of poor SRH. The Reserve Class A/B model showed that completing high school (OR = 4.30, CI: 1.37-13.81), reporting arthritis (6.60, CI: 2.15-20.23), diabetes (OR = 11.19, CI: 2.72-46.0), being obese (OR = 3.37, CI: 1.37-8.27), daily smoking (OR = 2.98, CI: 1.05-8.38), having anxiety (OR = 9.8, CI: 3.70-25.75) were associated with higher odds of poor SRH. These results suggested that the relationship of poor SRH with demographic, health and military occupation domains varied depending on the class on the Reserve Force Service. Different strengths of association showed different risk compositions for both populations. This can be used to better understand the health and well-being of Veterans of the Reserve Force.
doi:10.1186/s12955-020-01516-8 pmid:32778105 fatcat:dfsgulh2obeclmejx5rmbwxk5u