Why is it difficult for schools to establish equitable practices in allocating students to attainment 'sets'?

Becky Taylor, Becky Francis, Nicole Craig, Louise Archer, Jeremy Hodgen, Anna Mazenod, Antonina Tereshchenko, David Pepper
2018 British Journal of Educational Studies  
Research has consistently shown 'ability' grouping (tracking) to be prey to poor practice, and to perpetuate inequity. A feature of these problems is inequitable and inaccurate practice in allocation to groups or 'tracks'. Yet little research has examined whether such practices might be improved. Here, we examine survey and interview findings from a large-scale intervention study of grouping practices in 126 English secondary schools. We find that when schools are encouraged to allocate
more » ... and move them between groups according to equitable principles by participation in a 'best practice' intervention, there is some increased equity of practice (i.e. a reduction in non-attainment factors used in allocation). However, the majority of schools continue to use subjective and potentially biased information to group students. Furthermore, some schools that claim to be using attainment setting appear to be using the inequitable practice of streaming. Our findings show that improvements in equity are constrained by operational and strategic factors, including timetabling, finance, and teachers' values and beliefs relating to student ability and progression. We suggest strategies for encouraging schools to change their grouping practices, drawing on approaches for working with complex organisations. In this article we address the question of equity, presenting evidence that processes of allocation of students to attainment groups are opaque and inequitable. The factors that influence and constrain practice, perpetuating inequitable attainment grouping, remain under-explored. Without an understanding of how and why inequitable grouping practices endure, educators and policy-makers will struggle to combat their negative effects. We seek to address this gap in this article.
doi:10.1080/00071005.2018.1424317 fatcat:bru35v3m5jcnbirp4dgev5tvzq