Computed Tomography Studies of Lung Mechanics

B. A. Simon
2005 Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society online  
The study of lung mechanics has progressed from global descriptions of lung pressure and volume relationships to the highresolution, three-dimensional, quantitative measurement of dynamic regional mechanical properties and displacements. X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging is ideally suited to the study of regional lung mechanics in intact subjects because of its high spatial and temporal resolution, correlation of functional data with anatomic detail, increasing volumetric data acquisition,
more » ... and the unique relationship between CT density and lung air content. This review presents an overview of CT measurement principles and limitations for the study of regional mechanics, reviews some of the early work that set the stage for modern imaging approaches and impacted the understanding and management of patients with acute lung injury, and presents evolving novel approaches for the analysis and application of dynamic volumetric lung image data.
doi:10.1513/pats.200507-076ds pmid:16352757 pmcid:PMC2713339 fatcat:b6pc6smdwbe7tkk6w52madglay